Garnet comes in a range of colors from several mineral groups. Five of these groups are Pyrope, Almandine, ranging from purple to red, Spessartite, oranges and yellows, Andradite, yellow to green, with a variety gemstone Demantiod. Grossular has a wide range from colorless to yellow, reddish orange to orange red and a strong vibrant green called Tsavorite. Garnets are a symbol of good health, wealth and happiness.Garnets hardness are a 6.5-7.5 on the Mohs scale.
Amethyst comes from the mineral Quartz in a range of colors from lilac to purple to deep purple hues. Amethyst is a symbol of personal empowerment and inner strength. Also given as the 6th wedding anniversary gift. Amethyst hardness is 7 on the Mohs scale.
Aquamarine comes from the mineral Beryl, the colors range from light slightly greenish blue to deep green-blue, with hues of the calming colors of the sea, used as an amulet by those who travel by the sea. Aquamarine is a symbol of purity of the soul and represents health and strength. Given as the 19th wedding anniversary gift. Aquamarine’s hardness is 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale.
Diamond found 75 to 120 miles beneath the earth’s surface, formed under high pressure and high temperature, comprised of 99.95%
Carbon in an isometric crystal structure, making it the hardest of all gemstones. Diamond is a symbol of beauty, clarity, strength, longevity,
happiness, love and marriage. Given as the 60th and 75th wedding anniversary gift. Diamond’s hardness is 10 on the Mohs scale.
Emerald comes from the mineral Beryl, the colors range from a bluish green to green to a vibrant green. Emerald is known as the gem of spring, renewal and rebirth, symbolizing intelligence and quick wit. Given as the 20th and 35th wedding anniversary gift. Emerald’s hardness is 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale.
Pearls are organic and originate from oceans, lakes and rivers around the world. Pearls meaning is “sweet simplicity”, a symbol of purity,
humility and innocence, often given as a wedding present. Pearls’s hardness is 2.5-3 on the Mohs scale.
Moonstone is the best known gem from the Feldspar group of minerals. Renowned for its adularescence, giving the gemstone a billowy blue glow in appearance. Moonstone’s hardness is 6.0-6.5 on the Mohs scale.
Alexandrite comes from the rare variety of the mineral Chrysoberyl that displays the phenomenon "change of color”. Where in fluorescent
or daylight the gemstone shows a vivid green to blue and in incandescent light, an intense red to purple. The gemstone is named after Alexander II. Alexandrite’s hardness is 8.5 on the Mohs scale.
Ruby comes from the variety of the mineral Corundum, known as the King of gemstones. Its finest color is a deep red, with a hint of purple, called “pigeon’s blood” in the trade. Ruby is a symbol of passion, love and success. Given as the 15th and 40th wedding anniversary gift. Ruby’s hardness is 9 on the Mohs scale.
Peridot comes from the mineral Olivine and is a yellowish Green color. Peridot is found in the earth’s mantle, in lava and from meteorites. Egyptians called it the “gem of the sun”. Given as the 15th wedding anniversary gift. Peridot’s hardness is 6.5-7 on the Mohs scale.
Sapphire is a variety of the mineral Corundum. Primarily known as a blue gemstone, sapphire comes in all the colors of the rainbow, yellow, green, orange, pink and purple. Sapphire is associated with royalty and romance, it symbolizes nobility, fidelity, wisdom, loyalty and the soul. Given as the 5th and 45th wedding anniversary gift. Sapphire’s hardness is 9 on the Mohs scale.
Opals come from the mineral hydrated silica and are valued for their shifting colors of the rainbow in a phenomenon known as “play-of-color”. Opals are a symbol of purity, hope and truth. Given as the 14th wedding anniversary gift. Opals hardness is 5-6.5 on the Mohs scale.
Tourmaline is the mineral that comes in a variety of colors, Pink and Rubelite, Green and Chrome Green and Pariba’s Blues and Green-Blues. There are bicolor and multicolored zoning stones and pink and green watermelon. Pink Tourmaline is associated with love, compassion and gentleness. Green Tourmaline is associated with courage, strength and stamina. Given as the 8th wedding anniversary gift. Tourmaline’s hardness is 7-7.5 on the Mohs scale.
Citrine comes from the variety of the Quartz mineral, its color ranges from pale yellow to yellow to orange to an orange red. Associated with having calming energies, fortune and wealth. Given as the 13th wedding anniversary gift. Citrine’s hardness is 7 on the Mohs scale.
Topaz is the mineral which comes in a variety of colors and various shades of blue known in the trade as “Sky Blue, Swiss Blue and London Blue”. There are also colors of pink, yellow, orange, brown, green, violet, colorless and rarely red. Imperial Topaz is a pinkish orange color and highly prized. Blue Topaz is given as the 4th wedding anniversary gift and Imperial Topaz is given as the 23rd wedding anniversary gift. Topaz’s hardness is 8 on the Mohs scale.
Turquoise is a mineral that is semi-translucent to opaque, in colors of blue and green often mixed with veins of the matrix. Associated with health and good fortune. Turquoise ’s hardness is 5-6 on the Mohs scale.
Tanzanite comes from the mineral Zoisite, its color ranges from a velvety blue to violet, most valuable is a deep saturated blue color. Given as the 24th wedding anniversary gift. Tanzanite’s hardness is 6-7 on the Mohs scale.
Zircon is a mineral with a variety of colors, blue, brown, yellow, green, red, orange and colorless. Known for its high refraction, making its optical properties bright and lustrous. Associated with deep sleep, wealth, wisdom and good health. Zircon’s hardness is 6-7.5 on the Mohs scale.